NO DONATIONS ACCEPTED | NO ADVERTISING CLUTTER | NO SALES or PROMOTIONs

SO... WHAT'S OUR THING?

os LEDGER TECHnologY - cryptoassets - BLOCKCHAIN - Exchange 

 

AWAREness    |    EDUCATION    |    integration   

🔗

 ©THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS


What is a Blockhain? - "a log of cryptographically signed statements that are processed in an agreed order using deterministic state machine to reach a shared consensus state".            -  Daniel Larimer, Founder of EOS.io, Bitshares & Steemit

Blockchain-Testing-600x330.jpg

 Bitcoin is an open-source consensus network enabled payment system allowing digital transaction of exchange and the first decentralized p2p payment network powered entirely by its users.  

Bitcoin is an open-source consensus network enabled payment system allowing digital transaction of exchange and the first decentralized p2p payment network powered entirely by its users.  


 In the beginning, there was the  Genesis Block . In addition to the  normal data, the coinbase parameter (in the above hex) contains the following text:   "The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of  second  bailout for  banks".   This was likely a timestamp; proof that the Genesis Block was created on or after Jan 3, 2009 - and a comment on the instability caused by fractional-reserve traditional banking systems.

In the beginning, there was the  Genesis Block . In addition to the  normal data, the coinbase parameter (in the above hex) contains the following text:  "The Times 03/Jan/2009 Chancellor on brink of  second  bailout for  banks".  This was likely a timestamp; proof that the Genesis Block was created on or after Jan 3, 2009 - and a comment on the instability caused by fractional-reserve traditional banking systems.


 A Bitcoin 'Hard Fork' is a permanent divergence from the previous version of the blockchain, and nodes running previous versions will no longer be accepted by the new version. Namecoin 'NMC' is considered the first fork.

A Bitcoin 'Hard Fork' is a permanent divergence from the previous version of the blockchain, and nodes running previous versions will no longer be accepted by the new version. Namecoin 'NMC' is considered the first fork.

 Bitcoin has had many hard forks.  Bitcoin Cash, a hard fork at Block 478559 in August 2017, has been the most promising to date with the attributes considered to be most in line with Nakamoto's original vision.

Bitcoin has had many hard forks.  Bitcoin Cash, a hard fork at Block 478559 in August 2017, has been the most promising to date with the attributes considered to be most in line with Nakamoto's original vision.


 One of the most highly debated, industry stymieing, yet to be answered questions... exactly which Bitcoin is "The Bitcoin"?  The primary contenders for the title of Bitcoin (Bitcoin Core 'currently known as simply Bitcoin - for the purpose of educating this is the originating blockchain) and Bitcoin Cash (BCash - for the same reason of education) appears to have updated to the original intentions of Bitcoin. Time will tell.

One of the most highly debated, industry stymieing, yet to be answered questions... exactly which Bitcoin is "The Bitcoin"?  The primary contenders for the title of Bitcoin (Bitcoin Core 'currently known as simply Bitcoin - for the purpose of educating this is the originating blockchain) and Bitcoin Cash (BCash - for the same reason of education) appears to have updated to the original intentions of Bitcoin. Time will tell.


 When Bitcoin was first created, 1MB block size was enough to process every transaction quickly. Since then, trading volume increased speed of transactions became hampered.  SegWit2x protocol has entirely different specifications from Bitcoin. The network is secured using X11 algorithm rather than SHA-256; Segwit2x increases block sizes from 1MB to 4MB and reduces transfer costs & speeds. Hard Fork was December 28, 2017.

When Bitcoin was first created, 1MB block size was enough to process every transaction quickly. Since then, trading volume increased speed of transactions became hampered.  SegWit2x protocol has entirely different specifications from Bitcoin. The network is secured using X11 algorithm rather than SHA-256; Segwit2x increases block sizes from 1MB to 4MB and reduces transfer costs & speeds. Hard Fork was December 28, 2017.


2083.png

A Bitcoin hard fork to restore the mining with common Graphics Processing Units, in place of mining with specialized ASIC.


 Bitcoin 'BTC' and ZClassic  'ZLC' were Hard Co-Forked (snapshot at block   511346 for BTC & block 272991 for ZCL - 1:1 credit reward) on February 28, 2018, creating Bitcoin Private 'BTCP'.  Mainnet Launch  was March 3, 2018. Bitcoin Private is a community-driven, transparent  project, has two-way replay protection and is private with (zk-snarks) technology - a decentralized peer-to-peer exchange.

Bitcoin 'BTC' and ZClassic  'ZLC' were Hard Co-Forked (snapshot at block 511346 for BTC & block 272991 for ZCL - 1:1 credit reward) on February 28, 2018, creating Bitcoin Private 'BTCP'.  Mainnet Launch  was March 3, 2018. Bitcoin Private is a community-driven, transparent  project, has two-way replay protection and is private with (zk-snarks) technology - a decentralized peer-to-peer exchange.


Let’s work together
— Daniel Larimer
 Binance is an international multi-language cryptocurrency exchange. The service raised 15 million dollars in a July 2017 Initial Coin Offering for its ERC20 BNB token.  Binance is a well know exchange, which allows users  to trade cryptocurrencies or digital currencies for other assets, such as conventional fiat money, or different types of digital currencies. 

Binance is an international multi-language cryptocurrency exchange. The service raised 15 million dollars in a July 2017 Initial Coin Offering for its ERC20 BNB token.  Binance is a well know exchange, which allows users  to trade cryptocurrencies or digital currencies for other assets, such as conventional fiat money, or different types of digital currencies. 


 In the  EOS.IO  Technical White Paper, the EOS Team proposes EOS.IO software as the dawn of a new era of blockchain computing!  Learn more about the high reaching goals of this well known, respected industry peer.

In the EOS.IO Technical White Paper, the EOS Team proposes EOS.IO software as the dawn of a new era of blockchain computing!  Learn more about the high reaching goals of this well known, respected industry peer.


Lost coins only make everyone else’s coins worth slightly more. Think of it as a donation to everyone.
— Satoshi Nakamoto
1_MpHuBoSNlz6ygY4L3t0l4Q.png

transparent_b.png

BitShares is an open source, public, block-chain based, real-time financial  platform.  Launched  in  mid  2014  by EOS's, Daniel Larimer, Bitshares provides users a decentralized asset exchange.


3826201292015_dssddsssd.jpg
Bitcoin is a technological tour de force.
— Bill Gates

namecoin.png

Namecoin is an experimental open-source project developed for decentralization, security, censorship resistance, privacy, and speed of Internet infrastructure components such as DNS & identities  https://bit.namecoin.org/your_website.html


 Enjin gives communities, content creators, game servers and game publishers, an easy solution for implementing virtual goods and real value, into their gameplay and communities with the ENJ Cryptocurrency token.

Enjin gives communities, content creators, game servers and game publishers, an easy solution for implementing virtual goods and real value, into their gameplay and communities with the ENJ Cryptocurrency token.


 WAX is a decentralized platform enabling anyone to operate a fully functioning virtual marketplace with zero investment in security, infrastructure, or payment processing. Developed by the founders of OPSkins, the world’s leading marketplace for online video game assets, WAX is designed to serve the 400+ million online players who already collect, buy and sell in-game items.

WAX is a decentralized platform enabling anyone to operate a fully functioning virtual marketplace with zero investment in security, infrastructure, or payment processing. Developed by the founders of OPSkins, the world’s leading marketplace for online video game assets, WAX is designed to serve the 400+ million online players who already collect, buy and sell in-game items.


 SingularityNET is an open-source protocol and collection of smart contracts for a decentralized market of coordinated AI services. Within this framework, the benefits of AI become a global commons infrastructure for the benefit of all; anyone can access AI tech or become a stakeholder in its development. Backed by the SingularityNET Foundation

SingularityNET is an open-source protocol and collection of smart contracts for a decentralized market of coordinated AI services. Within this framework, the benefits of AI become a global commons infrastructure for the benefit of all; anyone can access AI tech or become a stakeholder in its development. Backed by the SingularityNET Foundation

singularity.png
annie-spratt-147610-unsplash.jpg

 

 

 

 ICO Investing...?

 

 

 

   

always do your homework!

 

 

 

                                 

 

Photo by Annie Spratt

Consult your Financial Advisor to discuss personal financial objectives prior to transacting with blockchain ledgers, investing in ICOs, coins or tokens, or any additional activities falling outside personal investment experience.


 An education video from the time of $100/ Bitcoin - Balaji Srinivasan CEO/Cofounder at Earn.com and Board Partner at Andreessen Horowitz.  Dr. Srinivasan holds a BS, MS, and PhD in Electrical Engineering & an MS in Chemical Engineering from Stanford Unv.

An education video from the time of $100/ Bitcoin - Balaji Srinivasan CEO/Cofounder at Earn.com and Board Partner at Andreessen Horowitz.  Dr. Srinivasan holds a BS, MS, and PhD in Electrical Engineering & an MS in Chemical Engineering from Stanford Unv.


 Cardano is a decentralised platform that will allow complex programmable transfers of value in a secure and scalable fashion. Cardano is one of the first blockchains to be built in the highly secure Haskell programming language.

Cardano is a decentralised platform that will allow complex programmable transfers of value in a secure and scalable fashion. Cardano is one of the first blockchains to be built in the highly secure Haskell programming language.


 NEO is a non-profit, community-based blockchain project, which utilizes blockchain technology and digital identification to digitize assets, automate digital asset management using smart contracts and grow a 'smart economy distributed network. NEO began in 2014 as Antshares; rebranded in 2017.

NEO is a non-profit, community-based blockchain project, which utilizes blockchain technology and digital identification to digitize assets, automate digital asset management using smart contracts and grow a 'smart economy distributed network. NEO began in 2014 as Antshares; rebranded in 2017.


VITALIK BUTERIN - SMART CONTRACTs

ethereum-e1518717543937.jpg
I personally, generally, don’t really feel much emotion if there’s some problem and I’m actively solving it
— Vitalik Buterin

 EtherScan is a Block Explorer, Search tool, API and Analytics Platform for  Ethereum, a decentralized smart contracts platform.  The website is an excellent tool for utilization when verifying the status of your transactions.

EtherScan is a Block Explorer, Search tool, API and Analytics Platform for  Ethereum, a decentralized smart contracts platform.  The website is an excellent tool for utilization when verifying the status of your transactions.


 Coinbase, founded in July 2011 by Brian Armstrong and Fred Ehrsam, is a digital currency exchange headquartered in San Francisco, California. They broker exchanges of  Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum and Litcoin with fiat currencies in over 32 countries, and Bitcoin transactions and storage in nearly 200 countries worldwide.

Coinbase, founded in July 2011 by Brian Armstrong and Fred Ehrsam, is a digital currency exchange headquartered in San Francisco, California. They broker exchanges of  Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum and Litcoin with fiat currencies in over 32 countries, and Bitcoin transactions and storage in nearly 200 countries worldwide.


  Blockchain.info  is a popular bitcoin block explorer service.  In your  nascent journey of learning Blockchain, perhaps first spend some time learning the structure, block data transactions and the nuts & bolts here.  

Blockchain.info is a popular bitcoin block explorer service.  In your  nascent journey of learning Blockchain, perhaps first spend some time learning the structure, block data transactions and the nuts & bolts here.  


 Ethereum Homestead Documentation is the result of a collaborative effort by various volunteers from the Ethereum Community.  Like THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS, the project welcomes contributors. 

Ethereum Homestead Documentation is the result of a collaborative effort by various volunteers from the Ethereum Community.  Like THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS, the project welcomes contributors. 


 The world-wide global financial system moves trillions of dollars each and every day, serving billions of people.  Scholars and institutions alike are spending countless hours studying the impact on the nascent technology. 

The world-wide global financial system moves trillions of dollars each and every day, serving billions of people.  Scholars and institutions alike are spending countless hours studying the impact on the nascent technology. 


 Kucoin is a Chinese based crypto exchange, available in both English and Chinese languages.  The Exchange is well known for their bonus system which distributes a percentage of traded ICOs based on Platform volume.

Kucoin is a Chinese based crypto exchange, available in both English and Chinese languages.  The Exchange is well known for their bonus system which distributes a percentage of traded ICOs based on Platform volume.


 Polymath opens up the blockchain to legally compliant securities offerings with a network of services designed to lower associated transaction costs over time. It provides a decentralized protocol for trading security tokens., enables individuals & institutions to authenticate identity, residency, and accreditation status, allows legal delegates to bid on new issuances to represent issuers in a regulatory compliant manner, matches issuers with developers who can translate issuers’ Security Offering parameters into secure code that generates ERC20 compatible tokens.

Polymath opens up the blockchain to legally compliant securities offerings with a network of services designed to lower associated transaction costs over time. It provides a decentralized protocol for trading security tokens., enables individuals & institutions to authenticate identity, residency, and accreditation status, allows legal delegates to bid on new issuances to represent issuers in a regulatory compliant manner, matches issuers with developers who can translate issuers’ Security Offering parameters into secure code that generates ERC20 compatible tokens.


 Outside of Satoshi himself, our first profile of an Industry Guru! Lopp is a highly respected pioneer to Bitcoin, the Creator of   Satoshi.info  , Founder of   bitcoinsig.com  , Engineer with Casa Keys ,  Educator  to  many  and  friend  to  many  more.   We  profile Jameson's educational platform,   https://lopp.net/bitcoin.html  , and salute him for his joined efforts in social awareness,  responsible education & integration- https://lopp.net is a great place to start!

Outside of Satoshi himself, our first profile of an Industry Guru! Lopp is a highly respected pioneer to Bitcoin, the Creator of Satoshi.info, Founder of bitcoinsig.com, Engineer with Casa Keys, Educator  to  many  and  friend  to  many  more.   We  profile Jameson's educational platform, https://lopp.net/bitcoin.html, and salute him for his joined efforts in social awareness,  responsible education & integration- https://lopp.net is a great place to start!


-  THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS  - 

Blockchain can be intimidating to New Users & Industry Veterans alike... 

                      ...we believe in keeping it simple!  Very simple.

 

      To our Open Source Peers,  

1.)  Contact us today. 

2.)  Ask us to share your open source project.

3.)  We'll complete our due diligence and research behind the scenes once approved, we'll share your project with the world! 

No contracts, no commissions, no commitments, no obligations, no expectations... it's Simple. It's Free!  Change your mind, change your project...? no problem!  Simply let us know; we'll  remove or modify your project from TOSP's sharing platform.

       See...?    We told you.   It's Simple.

We're a Project, grown into a conglomerate platform of and for OS Projects - not a business!   No top lines, not bottom lines.  

nicholas-sampson-284246-unsplash.jpg

 

 

 

 

- It's simple

 

            - it's Free  

 

 

 

Contact us 

today

 

     

   ... your Open Source Project should be here

 

                      ... you should be here

 

         

 

 

©THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS

 

 

 


 IOTA is an open-source, permission-less distributed ledger. Its protocol is a directed acyclic graph (DAG) called the "Tangle”. IOTA began open beta testing on July 11, 2016. The system is peer-to-peer, with transactions taking place directly between users and without an intermediary.

IOTA is an open-source, permission-less distributed ledger. Its protocol is a directed acyclic graph (DAG) called the "Tangle”. IOTA began open beta testing on July 11, 2016. The system is peer-to-peer, with transactions taking place directly between users and without an intermediary.


 Stellar is an open-source protocol for value exchange founded in early 2014 by Jed McCaleb and Joyce Kim.  The Stellar protocol is supported by a nonprofit, the Stellar Development Foundation. Stellar is an open-source protocol for exchanging money.   Servers run a software implementation of the protocol, using the Internet to connect & communicate with other Stellar servers, forming a global value exchange network. Each server stores a record of all “accounts” on the network. These records are stored in a database called the “ledger”. Servers propose changes to the ledger by proposing “transactions”, which move accounts from one state to another by spending the account’s balance or changing a property of the account.  All servers come to agreement on which set of transactions to apply to the current ledger through a process called “consensus”.  Consensus happens at a regular interval, every 2 to 4 seconds, keeping each server’s copy of the ledger in sync and identical.

Stellar is an open-source protocol for value exchange founded in early 2014 by Jed McCaleb and Joyce Kim.  The Stellar protocol is supported by a nonprofit, the Stellar Development Foundation. Stellar is an open-source protocol for exchanging money. 

Servers run a software implementation of the protocol, using the Internet to connect & communicate with other Stellar servers, forming a global value exchange network. Each server stores a record of all “accounts” on the network. These records are stored in a database called the “ledger”. Servers propose changes to the ledger by proposing “transactions”, which move accounts from one state to another by spending the account’s balance or changing a property of the account.  All servers come to agreement on which set of transactions to apply to the current ledger through a process called “consensus”.  Consensus happens at a regular interval, every 2 to 4 seconds, keeping each server’s copy of the ledger in sync and identical.



andre-francois-557694-unsplash.jpg
The nature of Bitcoin is such that once version 0.1 was released, the core design was set in stone for the rest of its lifetime.
— Satoshi Nakamoto

1520913498100.png

Monero is an open-source cryptocurrency created in April 2014 that highly focuses on privacy and decentralization running on Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, and FreeBSD system


roman-kraft-156096-unsplash (1).jpg

 

 

 

                                                                   

 

                     

                                                                 

 

 

               Photo by Roman Kraft on Unsplash

What's all this fluff...?  Can Bitcoin/ crypto really change the world as we know it?  Well... perhaps.  Cryptocurrency has potential to change the way we transact & exchange in the digital space.  Is the digital space here to stay... are transaction & exchange here to stay...?  we certainly think so! 


dashcoin-300x300.png

Dash - an open source p2p cryptocurrency


Many more important projects are on the way!
— The Open Source Projects
antenna-503044-unsplash.jpg

 Zcash cryptocurrency aims at using cryptography to provide enhanced privacy for its users compared to other cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin.

Zcash cryptocurrency aims at using cryptography to provide enhanced privacy for its users compared to other cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin.


sebas-ribas-310260-unsplash.jpg

THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS

Building awareness in the areas of Blockchain Technologies -

 

- Awareness

 

- Education

 

- Integration

It’s money 2.0, a huge huge huge deal
— Chamath Palihapitiya

Ripple (XRP) is the real-time gross settlement system, currency exchange & remittance network created by - the Ripple company

ripple-xrp-blockchain.jpg

Ripple  -   The  Banker’s  Guide  to Blockchain for Global Payments

 Ripple provides one frictionless experience to send money globally using the power of blockchain. Using Ripple’s growing, global network, financial institutions can process their customers’ payments globally, instantly, reliably & cost-effectively. Banks and payment providers can use the digital asset XRP to further reduce their costs and access new markets.

Ripple provides one frictionless experience to send money globally using the power of blockchain. Using Ripple’s growing, global network, financial institutions can process their customers’ payments globally, instantly, reliably & cost-effectively. Banks and payment providers can use the digital asset XRP to further reduce their costs and access new markets.


bitcoincash-white.png
The beauty of the free market is that everyone gets what they want. With governmentally imposed systems, it is always one size fits all
— Roger Ver

Steemit_New_Logo.png

Steemit, a new social media platform where everyone gets paid to post online, has been released in beta - https://steemit.com


1_H3UE5VgW38Ht8mv9-99Vhw.png

Nucleus Vision is an IoT-based contactless identification system, empowering retailers to identify and better serve their customers.


Litecoin (LTC or Ł) is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and open source software project released under the MIT / X11 license.

  LITECOIN  IS  KNOW  AS  THE  SILVER  TO  BITCOIN'S  GOLD!

LITECOIN  IS  KNOW  AS  THE  SILVER  TO  BITCOIN'S  GOLD!


mona-eendra-301115-unsplash.jpg
soren-astrup-jorgensen-229456-unsplash.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                   Photo: Søren Astrup Jørgensen on Unsplash


 WorldCoinIndex is cryptocurrency source with price information and news, connected to nearly 40 cryptocurrency exchanges & growing.

WorldCoinIndex is cryptocurrency source with price information and news, connected to nearly 40 cryptocurrency exchanges & growing.


Byteball uses directed acyclicgraph "DAG" distributed ledger  technology that links transactions together directly with-out need for structure miners or blocks.

Byteball-2.png

nano-raiblocks-250x250.png

NANO is  a low-latency payment platform that requires minimal resources; making it ideal for peer-to-peer transactions.  Nano  was launched in 2015 as RaiBlocks.       

Contact us today to learn how you can join our Project! Donate your skills perhaps, help spread the word with your knowledge of the nascent world of crypto, blockchain, DAPPs, DACs, DAOs & more, through responsible education! Throw us a great crypto, blockchain, ICO project, or even... perhaps, a long forgotten, ‘Flight of the Navigator’ quote for the TOSPS’ build out!
— TOSPS Strategic Projects Manager, Jason Williams

 The Cointelegraph is a completely independent publication covering cryptocurrency, the blockchain, decentralized applications, the  internet of finance & next gen web.

The Cointelegraph is a completely independent publication covering cryptocurrency, the blockchain, decentralized applications, the  internet of finance & next gen web.


 AirSwap is a U.S.-based start-up, which is trying to create a decentralized exchange where users can peer-to-peer trade virtual tokens. It plans to use smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain to pair up buyers & sellers.

AirSwap is a U.S.-based start-up, which is trying to create a decentralized exchange where users can peer-to-peer trade virtual tokens. It plans to use smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain to pair up buyers & sellers.


 DeepOnion is an anonymous cryptocurrency that is natively integrated with the TOR network, increasing the level of privacy for crypto users to reduce the likelihood of being hacked or attacked by other legal & illegal entities. With DeepOnion, you can send and receive onions 'ONION' over the TOR network, anonymity is guaranteed, you can send and receive private transactions using the DeepOnion wallet.   

DeepOnion is an anonymous cryptocurrency that is natively integrated with the TOR network, increasing the level of privacy for crypto users to reduce the likelihood of being hacked or attacked by other legal & illegal entities. With DeepOnion, you can send and receive onions 'ONION' over the TOR network, anonymity is guaranteed, you can send and receive private transactions using the DeepOnion wallet.   



      🔗  We're adding blocks daily - come visit us again soon!  🔗

100% OPEN   -  100% FREE   -  100% SIMPLICITY

 THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS is a team supported project!

All Rights Reserved (2017 - 2018)

🔗

Disclaimer:  THE ⟳PEN SOURCE PR➲JECTS  (hereafter, referred to as "TOSP") is not affiliated with any entity, individual, affiliate, subordinate, or related with or to the above published information pertaining to Blockchain, DAG, DAO, DAC Projects, Open Source, Ledger, Decentralized, Public or Private Entities, Individuals and/or Projects outlined within the TOSP project database.  Users are not advised in investment activity of any kind, agreements, or contracts.  TOSP does not make investment advice.  TOSP is not paid for marketing and is not affiliating with the above entities in conjunction with our research, projects and/ or the extension of our database and educational material.

Project domains; https://globalbankledger.com, https://opensourceledger.com, https://swapbot.io, https://dacseos.com, https://dacseos.io, https://daoeos.com, https://dapps.pub, https://dappseos.com, https://dappseos.io, https://dappslink.com, https://dappsos.com, https://globalaccessledger.com, https://hashgit.com, https://hashgraph.report, https://hashgraphtracker.com, https://hederaapps.com, https://hederacoin.io, https://hederagraph.com, https://hedgefnd.com, https://iotdatabase.net, https://multi-agentai.com, https://multi-agentsystems.com, https://multi-agentsystems.net, https://opensourceai.net, (each represented by, and each hereinafter, referred to as: "the Website(s)" or "the Project(s) or "the Open Source Project(s)"), provide general nature information and material to our user audience.  You are not authorized and nor should you rely on the Website(s) for legal advice, business advice, or any type of representation. You act at your own risk in reliance on the contents of the Website(s) subject and external in use. Should you make a decision to act, contact a licensed attorney in the relevant jurisdiction. In no way are the owners or contributors of and to, the Website(s) responsible for the actions, decisions, results of user parties in reliance upon information contained herein the Website(s).

Unless otherwise required by law, in no event shall the owners or contributors to the Website(s) be liable for damages of any kind, including, but not limited to, the loss of use, the loss of funds, or the loss of data arising out of or in any way connected with the use of the Website(s).

An investment in Bitcoin (and any and all related crypto/ digital/ ICO investments) can, has, and likely will lead to loss of original principal and/or interest over short and/or long-term investment periods. Any investor(s) in these entities should expect prices to have large range fluctuations. The information published on the Website(s) does not suggest, indicate or guarantee that investor(s) in these entities will not lose money.  Users agree to arbitrate any dispute arising from or in connection the the Website(s) or this disclaimer, except for disputes related to copyrights, logos, trademarks, trade names, trade secrets or patents.  Please notify the provider immediately of any and all copyright, trademark, logo, trade name, patents, etc., issues for resolution.